Subsidizing the Ivy League

Subsidizing the Ivy League

During a six-year period (2010–2015), the eight colleges of the Ivy League — Brown, Columbia, Cornell, Dartmouth, Harvard, Princeton, Yale,  and the University of Pennsylvania — received nearly $42 billion in U.S. taxpayer subsidies, tax-breaks, and federal payment of contracts, grants, and direct payments.


These findings were published by OpenTheBooks.com in our recent oversight report: Ivy League, Inc. Here are the key findings from the investigation: 

  1. Ivy League payments and entitlements cost taxpayers $41.59 billion over a six-year period (FY2010–FY2015). This is equivalent to $120,000 in government monies, subsidies, and special tax treatment per undergraduate student, or $6.93 billion per year.
     
  2. The Ivy League was the recipient of $25.73 billion worth of federal payments during this period: contracts ($1.37 billion), grants ($23.9 billion) and direct payments — student assistance ($460 million).
     
  3. In monetary terms, the “government contracting” business of the Ivy League ($25.27 billion in federal contracts and grants) exceeded their educational mission ($22 billion in student tuition) FY2010–FY2015.
     
  4. The eight colleges of the Ivy League received, on average, more money ($4.31 billion) annually from the federal government than sixteen states. 
  1. The Ivy League endowment funds (2015) exceeded $119 billion, which is equivalent to nearly $2 million per undergraduate student.
     
  2. As a non-profit, educational institution, the Ivy League pays no tax on investment gains. Between FY2011–FY2015, the Ivy League schools received a $9.6 billion tax break on the $27.3 billion growth of their endowment funds. In FY2014, the tax-free subsidy on endowment gains amounted to $3.4 billion, or nearly $60,000 per student.
     
  3. With continued gifts at present rates, the $119 billion endowment fund provides free tuition to the entire student body in perpetuity. Without new gifts, the endowment is equivalent to a full-ride scholarship for all Ivy League undergraduate students for 51 years, or until 2068.
     
  4. In FY2014, the balance sheet for all Ivy League colleges showed $194,332,115,120 in accumulated gross assets. This is equivalent to $3.35 million per undergraduate student.
     
  5. The Ivy League employs 47 administrators who each earn more than $1 million per year. Two executives each earned $20 million between 2010–2014. Ivy League employees earned $62 billion in compensation.
     
  6. In a five-year period (2010–2014) the Ivy League spent $17.8 million on lobbying, which included issues mostly related to their endowment, federal contracting, immigration, and student aid.

Adam Andrzejewski (say: And-G-F-Ski) is the CEO of OpenTheBooks.com, the world’s largest private database of government spending. Learn more at OpenTheBooks.com.

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